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Open Access Highly Accessed Case Report

Limb girdle muscular dystrophy type 2B masquerading as inflammatory myopathy: case report

Hannah Jethwa1, Thomas S Jacques2, Roxanna Gunny3, Lucy R Wedderburn4, Clarissa Pilkington5 and Adnan Y Manzur6*

Author Affiliations

1 General Medicine, Barnet General Hospital, London, UK

2 Neuroscience Department, Institute of Child Health, London, UK

3 Radiology Department, Great Ormond Street Hospital, London, UK

4 Rheumatology Unit, UCL, Institute of Child Health, London, UK

5 Rheumatology Department, Great Ormond Street Hospital, London, UK

6 Dubowitz Neuromuscular Centre, 30 Guilford Street, London, WC1N 1EH, UK

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Pediatric Rheumatology 2013, 11:19  doi:10.1186/1546-0096-11-19

Published: 3 May 2013

Abstract

Limb girdle muscular dystrophy type 2B is a rare subtype of muscular dystrophy, the predominant feature of which is muscle weakness. The disease is caused by an autosomal recessively inherited reduction/absence of muscle dysferlin due to a mutation in dysferlin gene at 2p12-14. We report a 10 year old boy who presented with severe non-transient right knee pain and swelling, which later became bilateral. His pain was worst in the morning and during rest. Blood tests revealed markedly raised creatine kinase values (highest 22, 297 U/l), raising the possibility of an inflammatory myositis. MRI showed bilateral asymmetrical muscle involvement of thighs and calves with oedematous changes mimicking the imaging appearances of inflammatory myositis. CRP and ESR levels were consistently within normal limits. Over several months his knee pain worsened and limited walking. Muscle biopsy revealed a severe reduction of dysferlin immunostaining, indicating the diagnosis, which was confirmed by 2 compound heterozygous pathogenic mutations in the dysferlin gene. It is not unusual for this subtype of the disease to mimic myositis: however, significant pain is a rare presenting symptom. Given the significant overlap between this form of muscular dystrophy and inflammatory myopathies, a high index of suspicion is needed to ensure an accurate and timely diagnosis. Furthermore, characteristic inflammatory-related morning pain should not rule out consideration of non-inflammatory causes.

Keywords:
Limb girdle muscular dystrophy; Inflammatory myositis; Monoarthritis; Paediatric