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Open Access Highly Accessed Review

The temporomandibular joint in juvenile idiopathic arthritis: frequently used and frequently arthritic

Sarah Ringold1* and Randy Q Cron2

Author Affiliations

1 Department of Pediatrics, Division of Rheumatology, Seattle Children's Hospital, Seattle WA, USA

2 Department of Pediatrics, Division of Rheumatology, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham AL, USA

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Pediatric Rheumatology 2009, 7:11  doi:10.1186/1546-0096-7-11

Published: 29 May 2009

Abstract

Recent recognition of the markedly high prevalence of temporomandibular joint (TMJ) arthritis in children with juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA) coupled with the significant morbidity associated with TMJ damage has prompted increased interest in both the clinical and pathological aspects of TMJ arthritis. This review focuses on the prevalence of TMJ arthritis in JIA, the imaging modalities used to detect TMJ arthritis, and the treatment of TMJ arthritis in children with JIA.